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新概念英語第3冊課文翻譯(4)

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Lesson19 A very dear cat
Kidnappers are rarely interested in Animals, but they recently took considerable interest in Mrs Eleanor Ramsay's cat. Mrs Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy old lady, has shared a flat with her cat, Rastus, for a great many years. Rastus leads an orderly life. He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o'clock. One evening, however, he failed to arrive. Mrs Ramsay got very worried. She looked everywhere for him but could not find him.
Three day after Rastus' disappearance, Mrs Ramsay received an anonymous letter. The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands and would be returned immediately if Mrs Ramsay paid a ransom of &1000. Mrs Ramsay was instructed to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it outside her door. At first, she decided to go to the police, but fearing that she would never see Rastus again --the letter had made that quite clear--she changed her mind. She drew &1000 from her bank and followed the kidnapper's instructions. The next morning, the box had disappeared but Mrs Ramsay was sure that the kidnapper would keep his word. Sure enough, Rastus arrived punctually at seven o'clock that evening. He looked very well, though he was rather thirsty, for he drank half a bottle of milk. The police were astounded when Mrs Ramsay told them what she had
done. She explained that Rastus was very dear to her. Considering the amount she paid, he was dear in more ways than one!
 綁架者很少對動物感興趣。最近,綁架者卻盯上了埃莉諾.拉姆齊太太的貓。埃莉諾.拉姆齊太太是一個非常富有的老婦人,多年來,一直同她養的貓拉斯一起住在一所公寓里。拉斯特斯生活很有規律,傍晚常常出去溜達一會兒,并且總是在7點鐘以前回來。可是,有一天晚上,它出去后再也沒回來。拉姆齊太太急壞了,四處尋找,但沒有找著。
    拉斯特斯失蹤3天后,拉姆齊太太收到一封匿名信。寫信人聲稱拉斯特斯安然無恙,只要拉姆齊太太愿意支付1,000 英鎊贖金,可以立即將貓送還。他讓拉姆齊太太把錢放在一個紙盒里,然后將紙盒放在門口。一開始拉姆齊太太打算報告警察,但又害怕再也見不到拉斯特斯——這點,信上說得十分明白——于是便改變了主意。她從銀行取出1,000 英鎊,并照綁架者的要求做了。第二天早晨,放錢的盒子不見了。但拉姆齊太太確信綁架者是會履行諾言的。果然,當天晚上7點正,拉斯特斯準時回來了。它看上去一切正常,只是口渴得很,喝了半瓶牛奶。拉姆齊太太把她所做的事告訴了警察,警察聽后大為吃驚。拉姆齊太太解釋說她心疼她的貓拉斯特斯。想到她所花的那筆錢,她的心疼就具有雙重意義了。
  
Lesson20 Pioneer pilots
In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of &1000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel. Over a year passed before the first attempt was made. On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV'. He
had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on the sea. The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his latest model. A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles. Latham, however did not give up easily. He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antonette'. It looks as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel. Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early enough. After making a short test flight at 4.15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later. His great flight lasted thirty seven minutes. When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman. Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover, but he was unlucky again. His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
 1908年,諾斯克利夫勛爵拿出1,000英鎊,作為對第一個飛越英吉利海峽的人的獎勵。然而一年多過去了才有人出來嘗試。1909年7月19日凌晨,休伯特.萊瑟姆駕駛“安特瓦特4號”飛機從法國海岸起飛,但他只在海峽上空飛行7英里,引擎就發生了故障,他只好降落在海面上。“安特瓦特”號飛機在海上漂浮,后來有船經過,萊瑟姆方才獲救。
    兩天之后,路易斯.布萊里奧駕駛一名為“11號”的飛機來到加來附近。布萊里奧從1905年起便開始研制飛機,“11號”飛機是他制作的最新型號。一周以前,他曾成功地進行了一次26英里的陸上飛行。但是萊瑟姆不肯輕易罷休。同一天,他駕駛一架新的“安特瓦特”號飛機來到了加來附近。看來會有一場激烈的飛越英吉利海峽的競爭。兩天飛機都打算在7月25日起飛,但萊瑟姆那天起床晚了。布萊里奧凌晨4點15分作了一次短距離試飛,半小時后便正式出發了。他這次偉大的飛行持續37分鐘。當他在多佛著陸后,第一個迎接他的是當地一名警察。萊瑟姆一周以后也作了一次嘗試,飛到離多佛不到半英里的地方。這次他又遭厄運,因引擎故障第二次降落在海面上。
   
Lesson21 Daniel Mendoza
Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for Prize money. Because of this, they were known as 'prize-fighters'. However, boxing was very crude, for there were no rules and a prize-fighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860 when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set Of rules. Though he was technically a prize-fighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prize-fighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In his day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike. Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing-match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarrelled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as &100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.
 兩百年前,拳擊比賽在英國非常盛行。當時,拳擊手們不戴手套,為爭奪獎金而搏斗。因此,他們被稱作“職業拳擊手”。不過,拳擊是十分野蠻的,因為當時沒有任何比賽規則,職業拳擊手有可能在比賽中受重傷,甚至喪命。
    拳擊史上最引人注目的人物之一是丹尼爾.門多薩,他生于1764年。1860年昆斯伯里侯爵第一次為拳擊比賽制定了規則,拳擊比賽這才用上了手套。雖然門多薩嚴格來講不過是個職業拳擊手,但在把這種粗野的拳擊變成一種體育運動方面,他作出了重大貢獻。是他把科學引進了這項運動。門多薩在的全盛時期深受大家歡迎,無論是富人還是窮人都對他祟拜備至。
     門多薩在14歲時參加一場拳擊賽后一舉成名。這引起當時英國拳壇名將理查德.漢弗萊斯的注意。他主動提出教授門多薩,而年少的門多薩一學就會。事實上,門多薩不久便名聲大振,致使漢弗萊斯與他反目為敵。兩個人爭吵不休,顯而易見,只有較量一番才能解決問題。于是兩人在斯蒂爾頓設下賽場,廝打了一個小時。公眾把大筆賭注下到了門多薩身上,但他卻輸了。后來,門多薩與漢弗萊斯再次在拳擊場上較量,門多薩又輸了一場。直到1790年他們第3次對壘,門多薩才終于擊敗漢弗萊斯,成了全英拳擊冠軍。同時,他建立了一所拳擊學校,辦得很成功,連拜倫勛爵也成了他的學生。門多薩掙來大筆大筆的錢,一次出場費就多可達100英鎊。盡管收入不少,但他揮霍無度,經常債臺高筑。他在被一個叫杰克遜紳士的拳擊手擊敗后很快被遺忘。他因無力還債而被捕入獄,最后于1836年在貧困中死去。
 
Lesson22 By heart
Some plays are so successful that they run for years on end. In many ways, this is unfortunate for the poor actors who are required to go on repeating the same lines night after night. One would expect them to know their parts by heart and never have cause to falter. Yet this is not always the case.
A famous actor in a highly successful play was once cast in the role of an aristocrat who had been imprisoned in the Bastille for twenty years. In the last act, a gaoler would always come on to
the stage with a letter which he would hand to the prisoner. Even though the noble was expected to read the letter at each performance, he always insisted that it should be written out in full. One night, the gaoler decided to play a joke on his colleague to find out if, after so many performances, he had managed to learn the contents of the letter by heart. The curtain went up on the final act of the play and revealed the aristocrat sitting alone behind bars in his dark cell. Just then, the gaoler appeared with the precious letter in his hands. He entered the cell and presented the letter to the aristocrat. But the copy he gave him had not been written out in full as usual. It was simply a blank sheet of paper. The gaoler looked on eagerly, anxious to see if his fellow-actor had at last learnt his lines. The noble stared at the blank sheet of paper for a few seconds. Then, squinting his eyes, he said: 'The light is dim. Read the letter to me.' And he promptly handed the sheet of paper to the gaoler. Finding that he could not remember a word of the letter either, the gaoler replied: 'The light is indeed dim, sire. I must get my glasses.' With this, he hurried off the stage. Much to the aristocrat's amusement, the gaoler returned a few moments later with a pair of glasses and the usual copy of the letter which he proceeded to read to the prisoner.
 有些劇目十分成功,以致連續上演好幾年。這樣一來,可憐的演員們可倒霉了。因為他們需要一夜連著一夜地重復同樣的臺詞。人們以為,這些演員一定會把臺詞背得爛熟,絕不會臨場結巴的,但情況卻并不總是這樣。
    有一位名演員曾在一出極為成功的劇目中扮演一個貴族角色,這個貴族已在巴士底獄被關押了20年。在最后一幕中,獄卒手持一封信上場,然后將信交給獄中那位貴族。盡管那個貴族每場戲都得念一遍那封信。但他還是堅持要求將信的全文寫在信紙上。
    一天晚上,獄卒決定與他的同事開一個玩笑,看看他反復演出這么多場之后,是否已將信的內容記熟了。大幕拉開,最后一幕戲開演,貴族獨自一人坐在鐵窗后陰暗的牢房里。這時獄卒上場,手里拿著那封珍貴的信。獄卒走進牢房,將信交給貴族。但這回獄卒給貴族的信沒有像往常那樣把全文寫全,而是一張白紙。獄卒熱切地觀察著,急于想了解他的同事是否記熟了臺詞。貴族盯著紙看了幾秒鐘,然后,眼珠一轉,說道:“光線太暗,請給我讀一下這封信。”說完,他一下子把信遞給獄卒。獄卒發現自己連一個字也記不住,于是便說:“陛下,這兒光線的確太暗了,我得去眼鏡拿來。”他一邊說著,一邊匆匆下臺。貴族感到非常好笑的是:一會兒工夫,獄卒重新登臺,拿來一副眼鏡以及平時使用的那封信,然后為那囚犯念了起來。
    
Lesson23 One man’s meat is another man’s poison
People become quite illogical when they try to decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten. If you lived in the Mediterranean, for instance, you would consider octopus a great delicacy. You would not be able to understand why some people find it repulsive. On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal fat-- the normally accepted practice in many northern countries. The sad truth is that most of us have been brought up to eat certain foods and we stick to them all our lives.
No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail. Cooked in wine, snails are a great luxury in various parts of the world. There are countless people who, ever since their early years, have learned to associate snails with food. My friend, Robert, lives in a country where snails are despised. As his flat is in a large town, he has no garden of his own. For years he has been asking me to collect snails from my garden and take them to him. The idea never appealed to me very much, but one day, after a heavy shower, I happened to be walking in my garden when I noticed a huge number of snails taking a stroll on some of my prize plants. Acting on a sudden impulse, I collected several dozen, put them in a paper bag, and took them to Robert. Robert was delighted to see me and equally pleased with my little gift. I left the bag in the
hall and Robert and  I went into the living-room where we talked for a couple of hours. I had forgotten all about the snails when Robert suddenly said that I must stay to dinner. Snails would, of course, be the main dish. I did not fancy the idea and I reluctantly followed Robert out of the room. To our dismay, we saw that there were snails everywhere: they had escaped from the paper bag and had taken complete possession of the hall! I have never been able to look at a snail since then.
 在決定什么能吃而什么不能吃的時候,人們往往變得不合情理。比如,如果你住在地中海地區,你會把章魚視作是美味佳肴,同時不能理解為什么有人一見章魚就惡心。另一方面,你一想到動物油炸土豆就會反胃,但這在北方許多國家卻是一種普通的烹任方法。不無遺憾的是, 我們中的大部分人,生來就只吃某幾種食品,而且一輩子都這樣。
    沒有一種生物所受到的贊美和厭惡會超過花園里常見的蝸牛了。蝸牛加酒燒煮后,便成了世界上許多地方的一道珍奇的名菜。有不計其數的人們從小就知道蝸牛可做菜。但我的朋友羅伯特卻住在一個厭惡蝸牛的國家中。他住在大城市里的一所公寓里,沒有自己的花園。多年來,他一直讓我把我園子里的蝸牛收集起來給他捎去。一開始,他的這一想法沒有引起我多大興趣。后來有一天,一場大雨后,我在花園里漫無目的散步,突然注意到許許多多蝸牛在我的一些心愛的花木上慢悠悠的蠕動著。我一時沖動,逮了幾十只,裝進一只紙袋里,帶著去找羅伯特。羅伯特見到我很高興,對我的薄禮也感到滿意。我把紙袋放在門廳里,與羅伯特一起進了起居室,在那里聊了好幾個鐘頭。我把蝸牛的事已忘得一干二凈,羅伯特突然提出一定要我留下來吃晚飯,這才提醒了我。蝸牛當然是道主菜。我并不喜歡這個主意,所以我勉強跟著羅伯特走進了起居室。使我們驚愕的是門廳里到處爬滿了蝸牛:它們從紙袋里逃了出來,爬得滿廳都是!從那以后,我再也不能看一眼蝸牛了。
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重庆时时彩综合走势图